• Uterine Fibroids Uterine Fibroids
  • Abnormal Pap Smears Abnormal Pap Smears
  • Fertility Management Fertility Management
  • Hysterectomy Hysterectomy
  • Laparoscopy Laparoscopy
  • Abdominal Utrasound Abdominal Utrasound
  • Hysteroscopy Hysteroscopy
  • Endometrial Ablation Endometrial Ablation
  • Tubal Ligation Tubal Ligation
  • Menopausal Care Menopausal Care
  • Menstrual Disorders Menstrual Disorders
  • Pregnancy Scans Pregnancy Scans
  • Childbirth Childbirth
  • Prenatal Care Prenatal Care
  • Recurrent Miscarriage Recurrent Miscarriage
  • Prenatal Emergencies Prenatal Emergencies

Abdominal / Transvaginal Ultrasound

Pelvic or abdominal ultrasound in females is an assessment of the ovaries, bowel, uterus and bladder. In males, it looks at the prostate gland and bladder. It is a non-invasive procedure that may also show blood flow in pelvic organs. The equipment used is called a transducer. It emits ultrasonic sound waves that bounce off organs and return to the transducer, creating an electronic image from the echoes.

The best sound conduction is achieved by the use of a clear conducting gel placed between the transducer and the skin to eliminate air and allow smooth movement. Blood flow is assessed using Doppler ultrasound. It evaluates the direction and velocity of blood flow in the vessel by making audible sound waves.

The reason for an abdominal ultrasound dictates the type of procedure to be used. All methods may be used to provide full information needed for diagnosis or treatment.

The methods of ultrasound include:

  • Transabdominal ultrasound
    this is done through the abdomen.
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
    this is done through the vagina where a transducer is covered with a latex sheath and the conducting gel and inserted into the vagina.

Some medical conditions and symptoms such as endometriosis, need higher images of a transabdominal ultrasound but with transvaginal ultrasound, the examination is done vaginally where the transducer is inserted inside the vagina to produce detailed images of the organs in the pelvic region.

There are numerous reasons why a transvaginal ultrasound may be performed, which includes:

  • Abnormal pelvic or abdominal exam
  • Unexplained uterine bleeding
  • Pelvic pain
  • An ectopic pregnancy
  • Infertility
  • Check for uterine fibroids or ovarian cysts
  • Verification proper placement of the IUD

The procedures are safe since no radiation is used. You may only experience slight discomfort with the insertion of the transducer into the vagina, or lying on the examination table. The procedure takes no more than 10 – 15 minutes. A report is always available immediately after the tests.


The appendix, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, and urinary bladder are among the internal parts of the abdomen seen in black-and-white photographs. A complete abdominal ultrasound examines all of the abdominal organs.

Ultrasound studies of the abdomen are used to detect:

  • Stones in the bladder
  • Spleen enlargement
  • Gallstones
  • Cholecystitis (gallbladder inflammation)
  • Pancreatitis (inflamed pancreas)
  • Cancers such as stomach cancer and pancreatic cancer
  • Fatty liver disease
  • Aortic aneurysm in the abdomen

A typical ultrasound takes approximately 30 minutes to perform.