Endometrial ablation is a procedure performed to permanently remove a thin tissue from the endometrium (lining of the uterus). Endometrial ablation is done as a treatment for abnormal or heavy uterine bleeding (menorrhagia). Before the endometrial ablation procedure, it is vital to ensure that the bleeding is not related to cancer. An endometrial biopsy can usually confirm this.
Endometrial ablation is a process that takes around 10 – 15 minutes, but the hospital stay can be longer. Recovery from an endometrial ablation procedure usually takes a few days to a few weeks. Endometrial ablation is rapid for most patients with most patients having very little discomfort the following day.
To thin the endometrial lining and increase the potential effectiveness of the procedure, Dr Essel may recommend administering birth control pills, Lupron Depot injection or progesterone.
The risks involved in the endometrial ablation procedure include uterine perforation, bleeding, infection, damage to the bladder, blood vessels, nerves or bowel, but are less than 1%. Endometrial ablation is not meant to prevent women from having children, but it is not advised for those who wish to bear children later since it may cause sterility. Potential side effects include fatigue and stomach or pelvic cramping. Others experience vaginal discharge or bleeding afterwards. However, these side effects last for a few days.